In 2020, we set out to build AIs that are a representation of their human counterpart —an extension of your mind, a second you. A personal AI is an AI that continuously learns from your knowledge, inspirations, memories, and experiences.
Naturally, the technology innovations from this point on are inspired and built upon the sensibilities of humans and our relationships with ourselves and the world.
We were challenging the status quo of artificial intelligence. Instead of working with large sets of common data that are scraped from the internet, we were operating on many small datasets that originated from individual people. Instead of collecting user data to build a large language model, our data model focused on maintaining the segregation of each user's data. Our model management systems were designed to accommodate individual user models and we built an inference scaling mechanism that dynamically loads and unloads user models as needed.
We were obsessed about user sovereignty, the freedom of choice and control. It’s not just about the right to remember, but also about the right to forget. It’s not just about privacy of data, it’s about having the choice to share when desired. It’s not just about whether our AI is good or unsafe, it’s about giving users the power to own and control their own AI.
The rise of LLMs was a whirlwind, built on the extensive knowledge from the internet, its grasp of the world model is profound. The rise of ChatGPT redefined the interface for which humans and AIs communicated. For the first time, AI spoke a language that is closer to our own than a machine’s.
The integration of an individual’s internal personal model and external world model was always on the horizon for us. After all, that is how we as humans learn, an interplay of external signals combined with internal priors (our experiences) to form new posteriors. And we’d much rather show useful answers to our users from LLMs rather than showing ‘I don’t know that yet.’ Hence a hybrid combining personal language models with backoff learning from LLMs was born — MODEL-1.
We create a unified memory stack for each user and their data. The user at any time can upload and remove any memory that is out of date or is no longer accurate. We compute a personal score that measures how closely an answer resembles the style and accuracy of the specific user's own memory. We've developed an adaptive learning system that allows users to reinforce their AI's memory by simply editing their responses.
We also gave our users a way to organize and share different facets of their lives through their AI personas, where personal and professional lives can stay separate. We gave identity, personalities, and separate memories to each of these persona, some curious, some contrarian, some creative.
We also created the fabric of an AI world — a world that is beyond a collection of models, but a collection of Human AIs, models backed by each of their human and sensibilities.
While the world is thinking about the future of AGI, we were occupied with the concept of creating a holistic Operating System — the Human OS. (Coincidentally, Karpathy also conceptualized the LLM OS)
If we equate the Personal AI model to our mind and the Personal AI infrastructure to our central nervous system, then a human operating system imitates the biological mechanism for perceiving, hearing, communicating, and taking actions as a human would.
This is what MODEL-2 is about — an upgraded brain with conversational abilities, ways to integrate into other memory and communication systems, ways to see and hear the world, and ways to speak and express our own mind.
One of the biggest rewards of building a platform for everyone to shape their own vision of AI is that we get to witness magic happening - the magic of creativity, ingenuity, and imagination in our users.
We envision a Human AI world that is the collective intelligence of individuals and their personal AIs. This vision starts with real humans who are building and incorporating their personal AI into the daily lives:
As our users pushed the boundaries of their personal AIs, we have the privilege of witnessing the creation of a Human AI World.
Tune into our MODEL-2 Launch.